burns; burned/ˈbɚnd/orburnt/ˈbɚnt/; burning burns; burned/ˈbɚnd/orburnt/ˈbɚnt/; burning
Learner's definition of BURN
1 a of a fire or flame : to give off heat, light, and gases b always used in progressive tenses : to contain a fire
◊ The forms burned and burnt are used in both U.S. and British English. Burned is more common in U.S. English; burnt is more common in British English.
2 a always used in progressive tenses, [no object] : to be on fire : to have or produce a flame b [+ object] : to set (something) on fire : to make (something) have or produce a flame 3 a : to destroy or damage (something) by fire or heat
I burned the letter when I had finished reading it.
The new town law makes it illegal to burn trash.
The wildfire has burned acres of forest.
Parts of the house were badly burned in the fire.
burnt pieces of wood
b : to injure or damage (someone or a part of the body) by fire, heat, acid, etc.
◊ A building or other structure that burns to the ground or is burned to the ground is completely destroyed by fire.
He was badly burned in the accident.
She burned her hand on the hot stove. = The hot stove burned her hand.
The hot sun burned her skin.
I burned myself on the iron. [=I injured part of my body with the hot iron]
Several people were trapped in the building and were burned to death. [=were killed by fire]
The captives were burned alive. [=killed by being set on fire]
4 : to ruin (food) by cooking it too long or with too much heat
5 a of an acid, chemical, etc. : to damage (something) by causing a strong chemical reaction
[no object] — sometimes used figuratively b [+ object] : to produce (something, such as a hole) by fire, heat, acid, etc.
◊ If you have money and you want to spend it, the money is burning a hole in your pocket.
6 always used in progressive tenses, [no object] : to be very hot 7 a : to have or produce an unpleasantly hot and painful feeling
[no object] b [no object] : to feel a pain that is like being injured by heat or fire c always used in progressive tenses, [no object] : to have a high fever — often + up
— see also burn up (below), burning
8 a : to feel a strong emotion — often + with — sometimes + for — sometimes followed by to + verb b : to become hot and red because of a strong emotion — often + with
US, informal [+ object]
9 a : to cheat or deceive (someone) : to take advantage of (someone) — usually used as (be) burned b : to make (someone) very angry — usually + up
— see also burn up (below)
10 a [no object] : to be used as fuel b [+ object] : to use (something) as fuel — often + up c [+ object] : to use (food, calories, etc.) as a source of energy — often + off or up
— see also burn off (below), burn up (below)
11 [no object] : to give off light : to shine or glow
There was a light burning in the window.
a star that burns brightly in the evening sky
Lanterns burned in the boats on the canal.
12 [+ object], computers : to record information or music on a disk
burn away[phrasal verb]
burn away or burn (something) away or burn away (something)
: to be removed or to remove (something) by fire or heat
burn down[phrasal verb]
1 burn downof a building or other structure or burn (something) down or burn down (something) : to be destroyed or to destroy (something) by fire 2 burn downof a fire : to become smaller : to gradually produce less and less flame
burn off[phrasal verb]
burn off or burn (something) off or burn off (something)
1 US, of fog, smoke, etc. : to go away because of the sun's heat 2 : to be removed or to remove (something) by fire or heat
— see also 1burn 10c (above)
burn out[phrasal verb]
1 burn outof a fire or burn (itself) out : to stop burning — sometimes used figuratively 2 burn (a building) out or burn out (a building) : to destroy the inside of (a building) by fire 3 burn out or burn (something) out or burn out (something) : to stop working or cause (something) to stop working because of too much use or careless use 4 burn out or burn (someone) out also burn out (someone) : to become or cause (someone) to become very physically and emotionally tired after doing a difficult job for a long time : to suffer burnout or cause (someone) to suffer burnout
Teaching can be very stressful, and many teachers eventually burn out. = Teaching can be very stressful, and many teachers eventually burn themselves out.
All that hard work burned her out eventually.
burn the candle at both ends
: to do too much by being active late at night and during the day
burn the midnight oil
: to work or study until very late at night
burn through[phrasal verb]
burn through (something)informal
: to use all of (something) quickly
burn up[phrasal verb]
burn up or burn (something) up or burn up (something)
: to be destroyed or cause (something) to be destroyed by fire
burn your bridgesalso Britishburn your boats
: to do something that makes you unable to go back to a previous situation
— burnable/ˈbɚnəbəl/adjective,[more burnable; most burnable]
Learner's definition of BURN
1 a : an injury caused by fire, heat, acid, etc. b : a burned area : a mark on the surface of something caused by a flame or fire 2 [count] : a painful red mark on the skin caused by rubbing against something 3 [singular] : a sharp, hot pain : a burning feeling
do a slow burnUS, informal
: to slowly become very angry