Learner's definition of FOR
1 a — used to indicate the place someone or something is going to or toward b — used to indicate the person or thing that something is sent or given to 2 a — used to indicate the thing that something is meant to be used with
b — used to indicate the person or type of person who should use or have something
There's a separate slot for out-of-town mail.
Are these the tires for this car?
The scenery for the play is beautiful.
This food is for the party.
The store sells suits for tall men.
This is just right for me.
That job is not for me. [=that job would not suit me]
Who's the best/right person for the job?
3 a — used to indicate the use of something b — used to indicate why something is done
She's dressing for dinner.
Squirrels were storing nuts for the winter.
He's making plans for retirement.
studying for examinations
They shouted the news for all to hear. [=so that all could hear it]
4 — used to indicate the person that a statement refers to — often followed by to + verb
It's time for us to get busy.
For him to confess would be painful.
That's too heavy for you to carry.
(chiefly US) I'd hate for you to miss the show. [=I'd hate it if you missed the show]
5 a : in order to help or cause (something)
b : in order to get (something)
We are working for the good of humanity.
This is for your own good. [=to help you]
They believe that they are acting for the best. [=they are doing what is best]
For more information, call our main office.
Everybody ran for safety/shelter when the shooting started.
6 : in favor of (someone or something)
Which candidate are you for?
You're either for [=with] me or you're against me.
the case for and the case against disarmament
I am all for [=completely in favor of] freedom of speech.
7 : because of (something) 8 — used to indicate the person or thing toward which feelings, thoughts, etc., are directed
He was hungry for praise.
They are longing for home.
I can't help feeling sorry for him.
She has a taste for spicy food. [=she enjoys spicy food]
9 a — used to indicate an amount of time or space
b — used to indicate the time when something happens or will happen c — used to indicate the time that a statement refers to
You can see for miles from the top of the hill.
She won't be here for long.
She won't get here for hours (yet).
We're staying there for the summer.
10 a : in place of (someone or something else) : instead of (someone or something else) b : as a representative of (someone) c : in order to help or serve (someone or something)
What else can I do for you?
Let me carry that for you.
They fought and died for their country.
11 : in order to cure or treat (an illness, injury, disease, etc.) 12 — used to indicate the amount or value of something 13 — used to indicate the meaning of a word 14 — used to indicate the food that is eaten at a meal 15 : as an employee, member, player, etc., of (something) 16 chiefly US : with the name of (someone) 17 — used to indicate the parts of a list or series
For one thing, we have no money; for another, we have no time.
People don't buy it because, for one thing, the price is too high.
18 — used to refer to something that is surprising or unexpected when compared to something else
He's tall for his age. [=he is taller than you would expect someone his age to be]
It's been very cool for May.
That was a good score for him. = For him, that was a good score.
19 — used to indicate the relationship between numbers or amounts that are being compared 20 — used in various emphatic phrases
I for one will vote for him. [=I will definitely vote for him]
For the last time, will you stop that noise!
I wish you'd be sensible for once.
1 : in spite of (something)
You don't convince me for all your clever arguments.
For all his education, he's pretty dumb when it comes to home repair.
2 — used in phrases like for all someone knows and for all someone cares to say that someone does not know, care, etc., about something
For all I know, she's still there. [=she may still be there, but I don't know]
For all he cares, we might as well be dead! [=he doesn't care if we're dead or not]
: certain to experience (something)
in for itinformalor Britishfor it
not for (someone) to do something
: not the right or duty of (someone) to do something
— used to say that something is very good, very disappointing, or very common
They brought me the package on Christmas Day! Now that's real service for you! [=bringing the package on Christmas Day was excellent service]
They didn't even send me a Christmas card! There's gratitude for you! [=they were very ungrateful not to send me a Christmas card]
He stays up late, playing video games and listening to music. That's a teenager for you. [=that's how a typical teenager behaves]
Learner's definition of FOR
formal + literary
: because — used to introduce a statement that explains why a preceding statement is true