gives; gave/ˈgeɪv/; given/ˈgɪvən/; giving gives; gave/ˈgeɪv/; given/ˈgɪvən/; giving
Learner's definition of GIVE
1 a : to cause or allow someone to have (something) as a present : to make a present of (something)
b : to cause or allow (something valued or needed) to go to another person, group, etc. : donate
She gave him a camera for Christmas.
Someone gave me a present. = Someone gave a present to me. = I was given a present. = A present was given (to) me.
Are you giving this to me or only lending it?
Please give to our charity.
We already gave at the office.
It is better to give than to receive.
2 [+ object] : to put (something) into someone's hand : to cause someone to hold or possess (something) for a specified reason
3 a : to provide someone with (something wanted or needed)
: to allow someone to have (something wanted or needed)
She has given me a lot of help/support/encouragement. [=she has helped/supported/encouraged me a lot]
They gave me a job. [=they hired me]
He gave me a head start.
I'll give you a lift/ride to the station. [=I'll drive you to the station in my car]
b : to allow someone to have or take (an amount of time)
I know I can do it if you'll just give me a chance.
They gave her another opportunity.
Her boss has given her a lot of responsibility/authority.
They gave him the best room available.
The law gives all citizens the right to vote. = The law gives the right to vote to all citizens.
4 a : to treat or regard someone or something with (a particular attitude, feeling, etc.)
b : to direct (something) toward someone
She gave her friend her complete confidence. = She gave her complete confidence to her friend. [=she trusted her friend completely]
He gave the company his loyalty. [=he was loyal to the company]
They've worked hard. You should give them some respect. [=you should respect them]
5 a : to tell (information) to someone
b : to express or say (something) to someone
Just give me the facts.
They weren't able to give us the information we needed.
The witness was reluctant to give evidence.
He gave his name as “John Smith.” [=he said his name was “John Smith”]
The drawing gives [=shows] the dimensions of the room.
The book gives [=provides] a brief history of the industry.
You have no right to give me orders.
They gave him careful instructions on how to proceed.
Give them my regards. = Give my regards to them.
His parents gave him a lecture about the importance of studying.
The coach gave the team a pep talk.
I give you my word [=I swear; I promise], I knew nothing about their plans.
Just give it to me straight. [=just say what you are going to say to me in a direct way]
c : to show (something) d : to offer (something) for consideration or acceptance
◊ The informal phrase don't give me that is used in speech to show annoyance when someone tells you something that you do not believe or accept.
6 [+ object] : to say that someone has or deserves (something)
7 a : to cause someone to have or experience (something, such as an emotion, a problem, etc.)
b : to cause someone to become affected by (something, such as an illness) c : to cause someone or something to have (a quality) d : to cause something to be affected by (something)
My car has been giving [=causing] me a lot of trouble lately.
I like Mexican food, but it gives me indigestion.
a book that gives pleasure to the reader
All that noise is giving me a headache. [=I'm getting a headache from all that noise]
It gave me a shock to see how sick he is.
Her encouragement gave me a lot of self-confidence. [=made me feel very self-confident]
8 [+ object] : to cause someone to get or take (a medicine)
The doctor gave the patient a pill.
The doctor gave him an injection.
The drug is usually given intravenously.
9 a : to present (a show, speech, etc.) in public b : to provide (something) as entertainment or as a social gathering
give [=throw] a party
give a formal dinner
10 [+ object] : to do (an action)
She gave the door a push. [=she pushed the door]
He gave her a hug. [=he hugged her]
He gave a cynical smile. [=he smiled cynically]
She picked up the package and gave it a shake. [=she shook the package]
The referee gave [=made] the signal to start the game.
The ship gave a sudden lurch. [=the ship lurched suddenly]
11 a : to cause someone to experience or suffer (a form of punishment) b : to cause someone to undergo or do (something) 12
◊ To give something thought/consideration (etc.) is to think about it.
◊ To give someone a call/ring/buzz/bell is to make a telephone call to someone.
◊ If you try to do something, you give it a try or (informally) give it a go/shot/stab.
◊ If you would give anything or give your right hand/arm to do or to have something, you want to do or have it very much.
16 [+ object] : to make (something, such as your hand) available for someone
She gave [=offered] her hand to him to shake/kiss. = She gave him her hand to shake/kiss. [=she held out her hand toward him so that he could shake/kiss it]
She gave him her arm [=she linked her arm in his arm] and they walked together into the room.
◊ When a woman gives her hand in marriage to a man, she marries him. This is a formal and somewhat old-fashioned expression.
18 [+ object] : to say or judge that someone or something will last for (an amount of time) 19 [+ object], informal : to admit (something) to or about someone
He made an effort, I'll give him that (much). [=I'll admit that he made an effort]
I don't really like his movies, but he's a talented actor, I'll give you that. [=I admit that he is a talented actor]
20 [+ object] : to have or produce (something) as a product, result, or effect 21 [+ object], formal : to cause someone to believe or think (something) — followed by to + verb
◊ To give someone an idea/impression (etc.) is to cause someone to believe or think something.
Whatever gave you the idea (that) he loved you?! [=whatever made you think that he loved you?]
I'm sorry if I gave you the wrong impression. [=I'm sorry if I misled you; I'm sorry if you got the wrong impression from me]
I don't know what gave her the notion that she could treat people that way.
22 a : to bend because of force, pressure, or strain b : to break because of force, pressure, or strain 23 [no object] : to stop trying to resist or oppose something : to give in or submit to pressure
Both sides refuse to give [=refuse to accept or agree to the demands of the other side] in this dispute.
For the strike to be settled, something has (got) to give! [=one side or the other has to give in]
24 a — used to indicate a possible or assumed state or condition
b — used to say what you want to have or would prefer to have
Give him his books and his music and he's happy. [=he is happy if he has his books and his music]
(If) Given better conditions, she'd do the work even better. = She'd do the work even better (if) given better conditions. = If she were given better conditions, she'd do the work even better.
25 [+ object], informal — used in phrases like give a damn to say that you do not care at all about something
give as good as you getinformal
: to be as forceful in fighting or arguing against others as they are in fighting or arguing against you
give away[phrasal verb]
give (something) away or give away (something)
1 a : to make a present of (something) b : to lose (something) in a careless way c : to allow (something hidden or secret) to become known
give (someone) away also give away (someone)
2 a : to bring (the bride) to the groom at a wedding b : to reveal the truth about (someone)
give back[phrasal verb]
give (something) back or give back (something)
: to cause someone to have (something) again : to return or restore (something) to someone
He gave back the money he found to the person who'd lost it.
Her encouragement helped to give me back my self-confidence. [=her encouragement helped me to get my self-confidence back]
They agreed to give him his old job back.
give in[phrasal verb]
1 : to stop trying to fight or resist something : to agree to do or accept something that you have been resisting or opposing — often + to 2 give (something) inBritish or give in (something) : to give (something) to a person who has authority to review or accept it
give it a rest, give (something) a rest
give me a break, give (someone) a break
give of[phrasal verb]
give of yourselfformal or give of your time
: to use your time and effort to help others
give off[phrasal verb]
give off (something)
: to send (light, energy, etc.) out from a source
The telescope can detect light given off [=emitted] by distant galaxies.
The garbage gave off an unpleasant smell.
The chimneys gave off thick, black smoke.
give on to[phrasal verb]alsogive onto
give on to (something)British also give onto (something)
: to provide a view of or a passage to (something)
give or take
— used to indicate that the stated amount is approximate and might be increased or decreased by a specified amount
He ran a mile, give or take a few yards.
The movie lasted three hours, give or take a few minutes either way.
(informal) He ran a mile, give or take. [=he ran about a mile]
give out[phrasal verb]
1 : to stop working
The plane's engine sputtered and gave out, forcing an emergency landing.
His voice gave out. [=he was unable to talk]
His courage finally gave out. [=he lost his courage]
3 give out (something) : to produce (noise, light, etc.) 4 give (something) out or give out (something) : to give (something) to many people : to hand out (something)
give over[phrasal verb]British, informal
: to stop doing something that is annoying or unpleasant — often + -ing verb
give over to[phrasal verb]
give (something) over to (someone)
1 : to give (something) to (someone) to have, use, do, etc. 2 give (yourself) over to (something) : to allow (yourself) to be fully affected by, controlled by, or involved in (something) 3
◊ Something that is given over to a specified purpose is used for that purpose.
give up[phrasal verb]
1 : to stop an activity or effort : to admit that you cannot do something and stop trying : quit
He vowed that he would never give up.
I give up! I don't know what more I can do to please my girlfriend!
“How many prime numbers are there between 1 and 100? Well, do you give up?” “OK, I give up!”
give (something) up or give up (something)
2 a : to stop having, doing, or using (something)
b : to stop trying to do (something) c sports : to allow (a score, a hit, etc.) by an opposing team or player
He was forced to give up his job.
She refused to give up trying.
My doctor urged me to give up smoking/cigarettes.
Rescuers have not yet given up hope that more survivors will be found.
He gave up his seat to an elderly woman. [=he got out of his seat so that an elderly woman could sit there]
3 give (yourself) up : to surrender (yourself) as a prisoner
give (someone) up
4 a : to stop trying to improve the condition of (someone) because it seems hopeless b : to stop having hope of seeing (someone) 5 give (yourself) up to (something) : to allow (yourself) to be fully affected by, controlled by, or involved in (something)
give up on (someone)
6 a : to stop trying to improve the condition of (someone)
b : to stop having hope of seeing (someone)
He has gotten in trouble many times, but his parents have never given up on him.
Please don't give up on me. I promise I'll do better.
7 give up on (something) : to stop trying to do or achieve (something)
— used to ask the reason for something
Learner's definition of GIVE
: the ability of a material to bend or stretch