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keep

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1keep/ˈkiːp/verb
keepskept/ˈkɛpt/keeping
1keep
/ˈkiːp/
verb
keepskept/ˈkɛpt/keeping
Learner's definition of KEEP  
[+ object] : to continue having or holding (something): to not return, lose, sell, give away, or throw away (something)
[linking verb] : to continue in a specified state, condition, or position
   b [+ object] : to cause (someone or something) to continue in a specified state, condition, or position
[+ object] 
: to cause or force (someone) to stay in a place
   b : to cause (someone) to be late
[+ object] 
: to do (something) continuously or again and again— + -ing verb— often + on
   b : to cause (someone or something) to do something continuously or again and again— + -ing verb
— see also keep going (below)
[+ object] 
: to do what is required by (something, such as a promise)
   b : to not tell (a secret)
   c somewhat formal : to act properly in relation to (something)
[+ object] 
: to store (something) in a specified place
   b : to have or hold (something) for later use instead of using it now
[no object]of food : to continue to be in a good condition— sometimes used figuratively
[+ object]formal : to protect (someone)— usually + from
[+ object] : to produce (something, such as a journal or record) by putting information in a book, document, etc., over a period of time
[+ object] 
10 : to take care of (something)
   b : to operate (something, such as a business)
: manage
somewhat old-fashioned [+ object] 
11 : to have (something) available for use
   b : to have a continuing sexual relationship with (someone who is not your husband or wife)

How are you keeping?

British
— used to ask if someone feels good, bad, happy, well, etc.

keep after

[phrasal verb]
keep after (someone)informal : to tell (someone) again and again to do something
keep (someone) afterUS : to require (a student) to stay at school after classes have ended

keep at

[phrasal verb]
keep at it : to continue doing or trying to do something
keep (someone) at it : to force or cause (someone) to continue doing something

keep back

[phrasal verb]
: to not go near something
keep (someone) back or keep back (someone) 
: to not allow (someone) to go near something
   b US : to not allow (a student) to advance to the next grade level— usually used as (be) kept back
   c British : to require (a student) to stay at school after classes have ended
keep (something) back or keep back (something) : to not allow (something) to appear or be known

keep company

[phrasal verb]
keep company with (someone) : to spend time with (someone)— usually used figuratively
keep (someone) company : to spend time with (someone who would be alone if you were not there)

keep down

[phrasal verb]
: to stay close to the ground or floor
keep (someone) down : to prevent (someone) from succeeding, winning, etc.
keep (something) down or keep down (something) 
: to prevent (something) from increasing or rising
   b : to prevent (something) from coming up from your stomach and into your mouth again
keep it down — used to ask someone to be quiet

keep from

[phrasal verb]
keep from (doing something) or keep (someone or something) from (doing something) : to not do or experience (something): to prevent or stop (someone or something) from doing or experiencing (something)
keep (something) from (someone) : to not tell (something) to (someone)

keep going

[phrasal verb]
: to continue moving forward
: to continue doing something
keep (someone) going : to make (someone) able to continue doing something at a difficult time
keep (something) going : to cause (something) to continue to exist or function

keep house

— see 1house

keep in

[phrasal verb]
keep (something) in : to not show or express (something, such as an emotion)
keep (someone) in (something) : to continue to provide (someone) with (something needed or wanted)
keep in with (someone)chiefly British : to remain friendly with (someone)

keep off

[phrasal verb]
keep off (something) or keep (someone or something) off (something) : to stop or prevent (someone or something) from being on (something)
keep (weight) off : to continue to weigh a lower amount than you formerly weighed: to not regain weight that you have lost
keep off (something) : to not talk about (something)
   b keep (someone) off (something) : to prevent (someone) from talking about (something)

keep on

[phrasal verb]
informal : to continue happening, doing something, working, etc.
keep (someone) on : to continue to have (someone) as an employee
keep on at (someone)chiefly British, informal : to say the same thing to (someone) again and again in a way that is annoying

keep out

[phrasal verb]
: to not enter a place
keep out of (something) 
: to not enter (a place)
   b : to not become involved in (something)
keep out (someone or something) or keep (someone or something) out (of a place) : to stop or prevent (someone or something) from entering (a place)

keep pace with

— see 1pace

keep score

— see 1score

keep tabs on

— see 1tab

keep the faith

— see faith

keep time

— see 1time

keep to

[phrasal verb]
keep to (something) 
: to stay in or on (something): to not leave (something)
   b : to not go beyond (something)
   c : to act or behave in the way required by (something)
   d : to not move away from or change (something)
keep to yourself 
or chiefly Britishkeep yourself to yourself
: to stay apart from other people: to avoid other people
   b keep (something) to yourself : to keep (something) secret

keep track

— see 1track

keep up

[phrasal verb]
: to go or make progress at the same rate as others: to stay even with others in a race, competition, etc.— often + with
: to continue to know the newest information about something
: to continue happening
keep up with (someone)informal : to continue to talk to or write to (someone)
keep (someone) up : to prevent (someone) from sleeping
keep (something) up or keep up (something) 
: to continue doing (something)
   b : to prevent (something) from getting worse, weaker, etc.
   c 
◊ If you keep up your end of something (such as a bargain or agreement) you do what you have promised or agreed to do.

keep up appearances

— see appearance

keep up with the Joneses

— see joneses

keep your chin up

— see chin

keep your distance

— see 1distance

keep your head

— see 1head
2keep/ˈkiːp/noun
pluralkeeps
2keep
/ˈkiːp/
noun
pluralkeeps
Learner's definition of KEEP  
[count]
: the strongest part of a castle built in the Middle Ages

for keeps

informal
: forever or permanently
: with the understanding that you may keep what you win

your keep

: the amount of money you need to pay for food, clothing, a place to live, etc.— used in the phrase earn your keep
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