overtakes; overtook/-ˈtʊk//ˌoʊvɚˈtʊk/; overtaken/-ˈteɪkən//ˌoʊvɚˈteɪkən/; overtaking overtakes; overtook/-ˈtʊk//ˌoʊvɚˈtʊk/; overtaken/-ˈteɪkən//ˌoʊvɚˈteɪkən/; overtaking
Learner's definition of OVERTAKE
1 a [+ object] : to move up to and past (someone or something that is in front of you) by moving faster— often used figuratively
b [no object], British : to go past another vehicle that is moving more slowly in the same direction
All of the other candidates hope to overtake the front-runner by election day.
Obesity may soon overtake smoking as the leading cause of preventable deaths.
Frank has overtaken his father in height. [=Frank is now taller than his father]
2 [+ object] : to happen to or affect (someone) in a sudden and unexpected way
The pain overtook him.
Seasickness can overtake passengers when the ship encounters a storm.
Sleep had overtaken them.
I could feel the impulse to buy it overtaking [=seizing] me.
overtaken by events
: forced to be changed because of something that has suddenly and unexpectedly happened