shakes; shook/ˈʃʊk/; shaken/ˈʃeɪkən/; shaking shakes; shook/ˈʃʊk/; shaken/ˈʃeɪkən/; shaking
Learner's definition of SHAKE
1 a : to move sometimes violently back and forth or up and down with short, quick movements
b [no object] : to move or have parts of your body move in short, quick movements and in a way that you are not able to control
The earthquake shook the ground.
Shake the salad dressing well before using it.
He shook his fist (in the air) and yelled at the driver who cut them off.
His hand shook [=trembled] as he reached for the phone.
He was shaking [=shivering] with cold.
She was shaking with laughter [=laughing very hard] as he told us the story.
I could see that he was shaking with anger/rage. [=he was so angry that he was shaking]
I was so nervous that I was shaking like a leaf.
She was shaking in her boots/shoes [=she was very nervous] as she waited for the doctor.
2 [+ object] : to free yourself from (someone or something) : to get away from or get rid of (someone or something) — sometimes + off 3 [+ object] : to cause (a belief, feeling, etc.) to become weaker
The news did nothing to shake my belief that things will be okay.
Her confidence was badly shaken by the accident. [=she became much less confident because of the accident]
Nothing could shake his faith in God.
4 [+ object] : to cause (someone) to feel fear, anxiety, shock, etc.
— see also shake up 1 (below)
5 [+ object] : to force (something) out of something by shaking 6 : to grasp (someone's hand) with your hand and move it up and down when you are meeting or saying goodbye to each other or as a sign of friendship or agreement
7 [no object], of your voice : to produce sound in an unsteady way because you are nervous, angry, sad, etc.
more than you can shake a stick atchiefly US, informal
: more than you can count
shake a leginformal
: to move or go quickly — often used as a command
shake down[phrasal verb]US, informal
1 shake (someone) down or shake down (someone) : to get money from (someone) by using deception or threats 2 shake (someone or something) down or shake down (someone or something) : to search (someone or something) thoroughly
shake out[phrasal verb]
1 informal : to happen or end in a particular way 2 shake (something) out or shake out (something) : to shake (something) back and forth or up and down in order to remove dirt, wrinkles, etc., from it
shake up[phrasal verb]
1 shake (someone) up or shake up (someone) : to upset (someone) : to shock or frighten (someone)
The accident shook up both drivers.
She was shaken up when she heard what happened.
The layoffs shook up the whole department.
— see also 1shake 4 (above)
2 shake (something) up or shake up (something) : to make many changes in (something, such as a company or organization)
shake your head
: to turn your head from side to side as a way of answering “no” or of showing disagreement or refusal
Learner's definition of SHAKE
1 [count] : a short, quick movement back and forth or up and down 2 the shakes informal : a condition in which parts of your body move in a way that you are not able to control
a fair shakeinformal
: a fair deal : fair treatment
no great shakesinformal
: not very good or skillful at something