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turn

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1turn/ˈtɚn/verb
turnsturnedturning
1turn
/ˈtɚn/
verb
turnsturnedturning
Learner's definition of TURN  
: to move around a central point
[no object]
— often + around
[+ object]
: to cause your body or a part of your body to face a different direction
[no object]
[+ object]
   b  : to cause (something or a side of something) to face an opposite or different direction
[+ object]
[no object]
: to move in a particular direction and especially toward the left or right
[no object]
[+ object]
   b  [no object]  : to begin to go in a different direction
   c  [no object]of a tide  : to begin to move in the opposite direction
: to change into a different state or form
[no object]
— often + into or to
[+ object]
— often + into or to
[linking verb]  : to change to a different state, condition, etc. : become
   b  [+ object]  : to cause (someone or something) to change in a specified way
   c  [linking verb]  : to reach a particular age
[+ object]  : to change the volume, temperature, channel, etc., of (something) by pressing a button, moving a switch, etc.
— see also turn down (below), turn up (below)
[+ object]  : to direct (your thoughts, attention, etc.) toward or away from something : to start or stop thinking about or paying attention to someone or something
[+ object]  : to earn (a profit)
[+ object]  : to perform (a particular action)
10  [+ object]  : to form (a sentence, phrase, etc.) in a particular way
11  [+ object]  : to injure (your ankle) by moving it in an unnatural way
12  [+ object]  : to create or shape (something) from a piece of wood or metal by using a special machine (called a lathe)
◊ In addition to the phrases shown below, turn occurs in many idioms that are shown at appropriate entries throughout the dictionary. For example, turn a blind eye can be found at 1blind and turn the tables can be found at 1table.

turn against

[phrasal verb]
turn against (someone or something)  : to stop supporting or being friendly to (someone or something)
   b  turn (someone) against (someone)  : to cause (someone) to stop being friendly toward (someone)
turn (something) against (someone)  : to use (something) in a way that harms (someone)

turn around

[phrasal verb]or chiefly Britishturn round
turn around or turn around (something) or turn (something) around  : to cause a vehicle to travel in the opposite direction
: to change and become better or more successful
   b  turn around (something) or turn (something) around  : to change (something) in a way that makes it better or more successful
turn around and (do something)informal  : to act in an unexpected or surprising way by doing (something specified)
— see also turnaround

turn away

[phrasal verb]
turn away (someone) or turn (someone) away 
: to refuse to allow (someone) to enter a place

turn back

[phrasal verb]
: to move in the opposite direction in order to return to a place
   b  : to return to an earlier place or time
turn back (someone or something) or turn (someone or something) back 
: to force (someone or something) to move in an opposite direction
   b  : to force (someone or something) to return to a place

turn down

[phrasal verb]
turn down (something) or turn (something) down  : to lower the volume, temperature, etc., of something by pressing a button, moving a switch, etc.
— see also 1turn 6 (above)
turn down (something) or turn (something) down  : to fold (something) down or back
turn down (someone or something) or turn (someone or something) down  : to say no to (someone or something) especially in a polite way

turn in

[phrasal verb]
: to enter a place by turning from a road or path
turn (something) in or turn in (something) 
chiefly US  : to give (something) to a person who will review or accept it
   b  : to return (something that you have borrowed, found, etc.)
   c  : to perform or produce (something)
turn (someone) in 
: to give control of (someone) to the police or some other authority
   b  : to give information about the location of (someone who has committed a crime) to the police or some other authority

turn loose

— see let loose at 1loose

turn off

[phrasal verb]
: to go in a direction that moves you away from a straight course or main road
turn off (something) or turn (something) off  : to stop the operation or flow of (something) by pressing a button, moving a switch, etc.
turn (someone) offinformal or turn off (someone)  : to cause a strong feeling of dislike in (someone) : to be unappealing to (someone)
— see also turnoff

turn on

[phrasal verb]
turn on (something) or turn (something) on  : to cause (something) to work or flow by pressing a button, moving a switch, etc. — often used figuratively
turn (someone) oninformal or turn on (someone)  : to cause (someone) to feel excitement or enjoyment : to be appealing to (someone)
— see also turn-on
turn (someone) on to (something)  : to cause (someone) to use or become interested in (something) for the first time
turn on (someone or something)  : to attack or criticize (someone or something) in a sudden or unexpected way
turn on/upon (something) 
: to be determined or decided by (something)
   b  : to have (something) as a main subject or interest
turn (something) on (someone or something)  : to use (something, such as a weapon) to harm, stop, or kill (someone or something)

turn out

[phrasal verb]
: to leave your home in order to participate in or do something
— see also turnout 1
: to happen, end, or develop in a particular way
   b  turn out to be (something)  — used to say that something or someone eventually becomes something or is found to have a particular identity, quality, ability, etc.
   c  turn out like (someone or something)  : to become like (someone or something)
turn out (something) or turn (something) out 
: to cause (something) to face or point outward
   b  : to cause (a lamp, flashlight, etc.) to no longer produce light by pushing a button, moving a switch, etc.
   c  : to produce (something)
   d  : to cause (something, such as a pocket) to become inside out
   e  : to empty the contents of (something) especially for cleaning or organizing
turn (someone) out or turn out (someone) 
: to force (someone) to leave a place or position
   b  : to dress (yourself or someone else) in a careful or fancy way — usually (be) turned out

turn over

[phrasal verb]
: to move and face the opposite direction — sometimes used figuratively
   b  turn over (someone or something) or turn (someone or something) over  : to cause (someone or something) to face the opposite direction
of an engine  : to start to work
turn over (something) or turn (something) over 
: to earn (a particular amount of money)
   b  US, sports  : to allow the other team to get possession of (a ball)
— see also turnover 4
turn (someone or something) over to (someone) or turn over (someone or something) to (someone)  : to give the control or responsibility of (someone or something) to (someone)
turn (something) over to (something) or turn over (something) to (something)  : to change the use of (something, such as land or a building)
turn over (something) in your mind or turn (something) over in your mind  : to think about (something) in order to understand it or make a decision
chiefly British  : to change the channel on a television set
turn over (a place)British slang or turn (a place) over  : to make a mess of (a place) while robbing it

turn to

[phrasal verb]
turn to (someone or something)  : to go to (someone or something) for support, information, etc. — often + for
turn to (something) 
: to become involved in or with (something)
   b  : to begin to deal with (something different) as a topic
   c  : to turn the pages of a book, magazine, etc., until you have reached the desired or specified page

turn up

[phrasal verb]
: to be found usually unexpectedly
   b  : to be found to be in a specified condition
   c  turn up (something) or turn (something) up  : to find or discover (something)
: to happen unexpectedly
: to arrive at a place
   b  : to appear in a place
turn up (something) or turn (something) up 
: to increase the volume, temperature, etc., of something by pressing a button, moving a switch, etc.
   b  : to make (a skirt, a pair of pants, etc.) shorter
— opposite let down at 1let
2turn/ˈtɚn/noun
pluralturns
2turn
/ˈtɚn/
noun
pluralturns
Learner's definition of TURN  
[count]
: an opportunity or responsibility to do or use something before or after other people — often followed by to + verb
: an act of turning something around a central point
: an act of changing the direction that someone or something is facing or moving in
— see also three-point turn, u-turn
: a change in the state or condition of something — usually used with take
US  : a place where a road connects to another road that goes in a different direction
   b  : a place where a road, path, etc., changes direction
: an act that affects someone in a particular way
: a public appearance or performance
— see also star turn
old-fashioned  : a short walk or ride — usually singular
old-fashioned  : a sudden feeling of being frightened — usually singular
10  British, old-fashioned  : a sudden, short period of feeling slightly ill, faint, or dizzy — usually singular

at every turn

: in a constant or continuous way : each time a person tries to do something

by turns

— used to describe different things that happen one after another

done to a turn

British
: cooked, performed, etc., in a perfect way : done to perfection

in turn

: following one after another in a particular order
: as a result

on the turn

British
: about to start changing

out of turn

: not at the time you are expected to do something according to a set order
: at a wrong or improper time or place

take turns

also Britishtake it in turns
◊ If people take turns doing or using something or take it in turns to do or use something, they do or use it one after another in order to share the responsibility or opportunity of doing or using it.

the turn of the century

: the beginning of a new century

turn of mind

: a way of thinking

turn of phrase

: a way of saying or describing something

turn of speed

British
: an increase in speed or progress
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